- Software development

10 Aug 2021

Needs to review the security of your connection before proceeding. Tuckman’s Team and Group Development Model empowers us to understand what stage we are at – and identify actions that we can take to help our team perform better. In addition, as well as taking specific action we can also decide to simply model great behaviour for others.

The addition of some implementers to the team is also a good idea to make plans for progress and team development. Finally, a resource investigators is needed to go outside of team and look at competition. Explain the forming, storming, norming, performing and adjourning model to your team so they know what to expect.


Well, truth be told, some teams may skip this step altogether, all in the hope that they’ll avoid unpleasant conflict and the clash of ideas. At this initial stage, a glimpse of a future project leader may emerge, as the person who possesses the largest knowledge about the project’s subject takes unofficial charge. Now, these 5 stages are vital to help you anticipate your team effectiveness, i.e. your ability to be efficient and productive with your work, both as individuals and as a group. Well-developed teaching skills for training and encouraging the team to work autonomously, at the latter stages of group development. Integrate Everhour in any of your current project management tools, CRMs, or accounting programs. Team members feel insecure as they don’t know what to expect from their upcoming work.

group development stages

The final stage of group development is adjourning, which is when the group disbands following the successful or unsuccessful completion of its goal. Adjourning is used to provide closure and wrap up final group activities. Norms result from the interaction of team members during the development process.

How To Accelerate Team Bonding With Tuckmans 5 Stages Of Group Development

Forming is met with anxiety and uncertainty as team members learn about the strengths and weaknesses of other members. During the forming phase, the group objectives are established and roles are delegated to team members. The norming phase of group development also represents a time of security and adaptability within the group, as well as an increased sense of interdependent trust. During norming, individual and collective work is completed to work towards the team’s ultimate goal and feedback is shared between members of the group. On the marketing team, the two competing leaders reached an agreement and clarified the goals of the team to their peers.

A “can do” attitude is visible as are offers to assist one another. Roles on the team may have become more fluid, with members taking on various roles and responsibilities as needed. Differences among members are appreciated and used to enhance the team’s performance. During the Norming stage, members shift their energy to the team’s goals and show an increase in productivity, in both individual and collective work. The team may find that this is an appropriate time for an evaluation of team processes and productivity. Behaviors during the Norming stage may include members making a conscious effort to resolve problems and achieve group harmony.

  • Group members remain motivated, loyal, unified, and supportive of the group goals, which allows for decisions to be made more easily since everyone is in agreement.
  • The first stage of group development is forming, a time characterized by uncertainty and stress between members of the newly created group.
  • She also holds three degrees including communications, business, educational leadership/technology.
  • For your team to be as successful and as high-performing as possible, it’s important that all five stages are utilized to their fullest potential.
  • You can also choose to end each meeting with insightful and constructive feedback that improves the group process.
  • Although employees are now interested in new contacts more than ever, the leader should still develop a healthy climate in the group and drive the process via team buildings.

The 5 of them are neighbors and they just moved to the countryside. The role of the leader takes a bit of a backseat at this stage 👀. Their participation shifts from the strong directing force, to a gentle guide.

Like a pirate crew, your new-found trust is the fuel for your startup. With a new project and new team, some members will be less independent, seeking guidelines. Managers need to recognise each achievement the team makes at this stage, no matter how small or large. The team must know that despite all difficulties, they are still delivering and making progress. The organisational environment the new team exists in is also unfamiliar to its members.

At the same time, they may also feel some anxiety, wondering how they will fit in to the team and if their performance will measure up. The team and the organization take specific actions at each stage to support the team’s success inaccomplishing its mission. Supporting the team at each stage of development will help it accomplish its goal. As a project manager, you should lead your team based on their behavior and understanding of the project. There is no definitive rule for governing style in distinct phases of the project. The project manager should be less heavy-handed since team members have started understanding each other, and their expectations have been clarified.

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Clockwise’s Flexible Meetings feature allows for effortless scheduling across multiple calendars. Clockwise automatically chooses the best meeting time and even reschedules meetings when scheduling conflicts arise, allowing for more efficient project management. After a group has completed their task they must dissolve and disband from both the task and group members. This Tuckman’s Team and Group Model just says these are phases a team tends to cycle through. It’s not a hard and fast – they go through Stage 1, then Stage 2.

Promote communication among team members by encouraging them to ask lots of questions and work together. This is the stage where the dominating group members emerge, while the less confrontational what are the four stages of team development members stay in their comfort zone. And, if any other roadblocks are met, the team is able to work together to come up with the necessary solutions to get back on track.

group development stages

Supervisors of the team during this phase are almost always participating. Even the most high-performing teams will revert to earlier stages in certain circumstances. Many long-standing teams go through these cycles many times as they react to changing circumstances. For example, a change in leadership may cause the team to revert to storming as the new people challenge the existing norms and dynamics of the team.

Stage 1 Forming

One Piece is a Japanese manga, with the longest anime series ever – over 1000 of episodes! This crew is the best example of group development for startups you can find. During the Norming stage, the team gradually optimises how it works. If the team doesn’t have some form of the continuous improvement process, such improvements happen organically, but if it does — they progress faster.

group development stages

A redefinition of the team’s goals, roles and tasks can help team members past the frustration or confusion they experience during the Storming stage. In this phase, where the group is starting to solidify and make progress, it’s time for the leader to let off the reins a bit and focus on delegating responsibilities. With work becoming more streamlined, some team members are ready for more complicated assignments. A collaborative leader will involve her team in more leadership level issues such as problem-solving, conflict resolution, and high-level decisions. Norming is the team development stage when the hidden conflicts can emerge and hinder the group’s performance. If you tried to close your eyes to any problem at the previous step, now you will have to take matters seriously.

Members are also cautious and discreet in their behaviors towards other group members as they seek to be accepted by their peers. The forming stage of group development allows group members to form impressions of one another, while conflict and personal opinions are often avoided this early in the group development process. Comparatively, the orientation stage of group development is similar to a first day on the job or the first day of school. The storming stage is the most difficult and critical stage to pass through. It is a period marked by conflict and competition as individual personalities emerge. Team performance may actually decrease in this stage because energy is put into unproductive activities.

For the team to perform at its best, a good leader will encourage creative conflicts and help celebrate and reward achievements. This empowers the team, especially if the leader steps back once a team is performing. This is when the team has developed processes that work for the team and people follow them. As people begin to feel safer, they will push the boundaries set up by the team in the forming stage—and conflicts may begin to erupt. Notice what stage their team is at, helping team members to process and acknowledge the inevitable conflicts and changes during group development.


Especially for a remote team, make sure everyone knows how to communicate and document progress, and where to find what they need. As a team leader, make sure to set realistic goals as well as precise tasks. Most importantly, be there for any questions and ready to adjust your strategies based on how your team responds to your request. At the Storming Stage, managers should ensure the team members agree on the team norms and keep following them. They need to help them find a way to work together and support struggling team members.

This happens because team members try to define their position in the group. They reveal their personalities, come into conflicts with one another, start expressing their opinions, and even may challenge the team leader’s authority. At this stage, the morale is high as group members actively acknowledge the talents, skills and experience that each member brings to the group.

Storming, Norming, Performing, and Adjourning will once again follow the same order. The project is now completed, and the team is released or deputized to another project. Here, again, the project manager will behave with a laissez-faire style. In this stage, team members act like one unit that is interdependent and adjusted. Now they are a high-performing team and can work with less supervision.

While problems may exist within the group, the quiet members do not voice their concerns and the group may not be able to reach an agreement later on. Conversely, if a question is asked, it must be addressed so that the group may continue their progress successfully. As a result of the tension experienced during storming, some groups are not able to move past this phase of development. At this stage people avoid conflict and “play nice” with each other because they want to be accepted into the group. The group is learning about the objectives and goals – getting a feel for the work that must be done together. People tend to focus on practical details – who, what, when and where and work reasonably independently at this stage – while they learn where they and everyone else fits into the team.

They may be motivated but are usually relatively uninformed of the issues and objectives of the team. Team members are usually on their best behavior but very focused on themselves. Mature team members begin to model appropriate behavior even at this early phase. The meeting environment also plays an important role to model the initial behavior of each individual. Members attempt to become oriented to the tasks as well as to one another. This is also the stage in which group members test boundaries, create ground rules, and define organizational standards.



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